Research database

This Research Database has been developed by HCPC Europe to create an overview of the available research in the field of patient-friendly and adherence packaging. The database is for all members of HCPC Europe. Members can register as a user to get access to the database. Is your organisation not a member yet? Then please register your organisation as a member or contact our Executive Director Ger Standhardt for more information.

User-pack interaction: Insights for designing inclusive child-resistant packaging

Drug packages protect and deliver prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) drugs, as well as communicating necessary warnings and directions to people, enabling the therapeutic benefit of their contents. Despite the fact that people with disabilities and older adults represent a significant portion of the pharmaceutical market, protocols across the world for testing child-resistant (CR) packaging (ISO, 2003), exclude people with any obvious or overt disabilities from the senior-related portion of the test (Bix et al., 2009) (Figure 9.1). These regulations have a critical impact on the level of inclusivity of commercially available CR packaging currently on the market.

RMAIS: RFID-based medication adherence intelligence system

There has been compelling evidence that outpatients, especially those who are elderly or taking multiple complexly scheduled drugs, are not taking their medicines as directed, leading to unnecessary disease progression, complications, functional disabilities, lower quality of life, and even mortality. Existing technologies for monitoring and improving drug adherence are either costly or too complicated for general patients to use. In this paper, we introduce the detailed design and the complete prototype of a marketable Radio-Frequency Identification (RFID)-based Medication Adherence Intelligence System (RMAIS) that can be conveniently used at a residential home by ordinary patients. RMAIS is designed to maintain patients’ independence and enable them to take multiple daily medicine dosages of the right amount at the right time. The system is patient-centered and user-friendly by reminding a patient of the prescribed time for medication and dispensing it in a fully automatic and fool-proof way. This is achieved mainly due to its novel design of a motorized rotation platform and the smooth integration of a scale, an RFID reader, and the rotation platform. In addition, this system has an Internet-based notification function that is used to alert the patient when it is time to take medicine as well as report deviations from the prescribed schedule to the primary care physicians or pharmacists.

An in-home medication management solution based on intelligent packaging and ubiquitous sensing

A healthcare solution for medication noncompliance problem would help to save $177 billion annually in the United States. In addition, an in-home healthcare station (IHHS) is needed to meet the rapidly increasing demands for daily monitoring with on-site diagnosis and prognosis. In this paper, an intelligent medication management system is proposed based on intelligent package and ubiquitous sensing technologies. Preventive medication management is enabled by an intelligent package sealed by Controlled Delamination Material (CDM) and controlled by RFID link. Various vital parameters are collected by wearable biomedical sensors through the short range wireless link. Onsite diagnosis and prognosis based on these health parameters are supported by the scalable architecture. Additionally, friendly human-machine interface is emphasized to make it convenient for the elderly or disabled patients. A prototype system including the hardware, embedded software, user interface, database and some intelligent packages is implemented to verify the concepts.

Design towards better life experience: Closing the gap between pharmaceutical packaging design and elderly people

The aging of the population is a worldwide trend, especially in Western countries. The increased number of people living past 65 years is also a trend for polypharmacy (the multiple use of medication) among elderly people. In terms of market orientation, the pharmaceutical industry is well-developed, but the same cannot be said in terms of design orientation. Previous studies indicate that packaging is one of the biggest issues in the use of medications by elderly people, with a lack of inclusivity of older patients. Since interest in pharmaceutical packaging is growing, an explorative review of design approaches for inclusion of senior citizens by the industry is needed. This paper reviews how design research and current design practices have been conducted in pharmaceutical packaging design. It mainly concerns the choices of methods to understand and to integrate the needs of elderly people. The paper also presents four propositions for future empirical studies in the field.