Research database

This Research Database has been developed by HCPC Europe to create an overview of the available research in the field of patient-friendly and adherence packaging. The database is for all members of HCPC Europe. Members can register as a user to get access to the database. Is your organisation not a member yet? Then please register your organisation as a member or contact our Executive Director Ger Standhardt for more information.

A tool for designing and evaluating packaging for healthcare products

Although significant resources are devoted to developing healthcare products that are safe and effective pharmacologically, significantly less effort is devoted to ensuring products perform as intended in the hands of
providers and patients. Poor designs result in user confusion and frustration, and have the potential to lead to errors and adverse events. The interaction that occurs between people and healthcare products is an area in need of study.
The human-package interaction framework introduced by this paper is an analysis tool to support decision-making while designing and evaluating healthcare products. According to this, any healthcare product has: a set of intended users, varied contexts of use, and a series of tasks that users must accomplish (selection of the correct product, opening, administration, reclosing, disposal, etc.). The model provides designers with a structured consideration set with regard to the interactions between people and healthcare products. Considerations to the interface are critically needed in order to reduce the occurrence of medication errors and increase adherence. Two examples are described to illustrate the concepts.

Perceptions and attitudes of people with disabilities and older adults about child-resistant drug packaging

The objective of this research was to explore the perceptions and attitudes of two groups (older adults and people with disabilities) regarding child-resistant (CR) drug packaging. Six participants with disabilities and eight older adults participated in two separate focus groups. Analysis of focus group transcripts revealed two major themes. Firstly, tested designs did not clearly communicate. This failure related to both procedures for opening and information about the safe and effective use of the products. This was a problem of package affordance as well as unclear/confusing directions. The problem was further compounded for users who were blind or visually impaired. Secondly, requisite physical actions were challenging along many dimensions. Sometimes packages required too much force, while in other cases the size of the package or its features were too small.