Research database

This Research Database has been developed by HCPC Europe to create an overview of the available research in the field of patient-friendly and adherence packaging. The database is for all members of HCPC Europe. Members can register as a user to get access to the database. Is your organisation not a member yet? Then please register your organisation as a member or contact our Executive Director Ger Standhardt for more information.


Verpackungstechnologische Einflussfaktoren auf leichtes Öffnen und sichere Handhabung von Verbraucherverpackungen

Die vorliegende Arbeit soll sich hauptsächlich mit den Einflüssen der Verpackungsgestaltung auf die erforderliche Öffnungskraft, möglichen weiteren Faktoren wie Motorik und Kognition und die daraus resultierende Verbraucherzufriedenheit beschäftigen. Daraus soll die Bedeutung dieser Einflussfaktoren erstmals in einer der Lebenswirklichkeit von Verbrauchern angelehnten Situation für das Verständnis der Verpackungskonzeption ermittelt werden. Die Kenntnis der Zusammenhänge im Vergleich mit instrumentellen Untersuchungsmethoden eröffnet die Möglichkeit, mit Hilfe der erhaltenen Daten leichtes Öffnen und sichere Handhabung gezielt hinsichtlich bestimmter Merkmale planbar vorherzusagen und zu optimieren.

From the English summary that starts on page 118:
The studies comprise examination of various commercial packages based on target group testing according to CEN/TS 15945. The choice of packages based on the priorities of the BAGSO studies and suspected barriers during opening. The results of the test steps effectiveness and efficiency of the opening procedure and the evaluation of consumers’ satisfaction with the opening procedure  were decisive for the assessment as easy-to-open package. The tests took place under standardized conditions, which were modelled on the situation at domestic kitchen tables. The target group  comprised random samples of people who represent a wide range of life experiences and life situations. With participant’s approval hand movements during opening procedures were documented using videotapes in order to understand and recognize patterns. Instrumental measurements of selected packaging types acted as reference to investigate the required opening force and to detect a possible correlation with the results of the target group testing. The comparison of both methods showed that the required opening force or the applicable force to the packages correlated not primarily with the results of target group tests, they had only minor importance for the consumers ́ satisfaction with the opening procedure. A study of blister packages led to a surprising result: the packages affording greater applied force when opened were evaluated significantly better in target group study than a n equivalent package, which needed less opening force. Similar packages, which required the same maximum force to open, have been rated significantly different in target group testing.